Business Sentences L 20-40

Just catching up on a LOT of unwritten business papers… ;P But there are sooo maaany *cries* so just little on each.

L20 “Why is running my own business a way to guarantee my employment in 2030?”

Hmmm. Let me list the ways: 1) I can control whether or not I stay employed (so long as my business is successful). 2) I can directly control all of our marketing and product changes to better appeal to the public and therefore stay in business. 3) I can control my finances to a very precise extent and adjust the product production process accordingly to make a decent amount of money. Aaaand I am apparently a control freak…  Continue reading

Western Literature^2 lesson 55

“Is it easier to read Shakespeare or the King James Bible?”

“Shakespeare, the Heavyweight Champion!”

I think that Shakespeare is easier to comprehend than the King James Bible. There are pros and cons to both; however, Shakespeare’s plays ultimately win the match. Let’s begin with the cons of both. Shakespeare and the King James Bible both employ the use of lyrical, yet ancient words and phrasing. To make the language even harder to understand, both also employ metaphors in every other sentence. To counteract the cons, Shakespeare’s plays are written to give contextual clues to the reader—or watcher, depending on the form—while the King James Bible is not. In the KJB, you have to puzzle out what is part of the made-up story, what is part of actual history, and what is the ethical message itself. Although Shakespeare has a way of playing with words, it is still easier to understand than the King James Bible.

Western Civilization^2 lesson 55

Explain the views of the French materialists.

“Terminator! 18th century edition…”

The French Materialists of the 18th century were essentially extreme atheists. Key figures in the development of the French Materialist view such as La Mettrie, Helvetius, and Baron d’Holbah, all believed that life had no spiritual aspects, and that there was only matter. La Mettrie introduced the ideas that the human body is simply a machine and that humans are programmed to perform certain actions. Consequently, we should never be blamed for our actions and should certainly never be ashamed of our pleasures. Helvetius craved morality without religion and thought every aspect of life is egoistic. Naturally, friendship must be egoistic as well, because we love what we see of ourselves in others. Baron d’Holbah added that humans only function properly due to chemical reactions and environmental stimulation. So we’re like a giant chemistry experiment. Unsurprisingly, from this view and others, he was labelled the “personal enemy of the Almighty.” Fortunately, the atheistic views of the French Materialists did not sweep the western world as widely as they could have.

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Western Literature^2 lesson 50

“How important is the idea of covenant sanctions in the week’s readings?”

“Ruth Eats Dirty Fruit (Well, it was on the Ground!)”

Covenant sanctions are an ongoing theme throughout the entire Bible, but especially in the books of Ruth, Jeremiah, Lamentations, and Matthew. This week’s readings were all from these four books in the King James Bible. The reason that the King James Bible is so important is because it was originally copied from many different versions of the Bible, so it is known as the most complete version of the Bible; and it retains beautiful poetry-like language while still being easily understandable. By 1769, Benjamin Blayney published the modern King James Bible complete with proper spelling and punctuation. It is in this Bible that the stories of Ruth, Jeremiah, Lamentations, and the Sermon on the Mount, are retold like poetry to remind its readers of the importance of covenant sanctions. Continue reading

Western Civilization^2 lesson 50

(1) What was the Ptolemaic-Aristotelian view of the universe, and how did Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton undermine it and institute an alternative?

“Copernicus’s, Kepler’s, Galileo’s, and Newtons’s Adventures Through Spaceland.”

The Ptolemaic-Aristotelian view of the universe–the belief that the Earth was the center of the universe–was widely accepted ever since the Ancient Greeks were alive and thriving, but eventually, a few clever souls stepped out and initiated a scientific revolution. The old geocentric concept also described how the earth was stationary, the planets were perfectly spherical, and their orbits were circular. Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton used science to determine otherwise in 16th and 17th century Europe, each doing his own part to uncover what we know to be the truth today. Copernicus realized and even managed to prove that earth rotates on its own axis instead of resting motionless by the fact that the view of the heavens changes each night. Kepler, who surmised that the orbits of the planets were not circular at all, discovered that they were in actuality elliptical, by studying a predecessor’s diagrams and realizing that the planets would have to slow down and speed up at various times in order to be moving in a circle. Peering through his telescope, Galileo observed that since moons orbited Jupiter, not everything was orbiting the sun. His discovery also provided a very rational response to the argument that if the earth was really moving, it would leave its moons behind. If Jupiter didn’t lose its moons on its trip around the sun, then the earth wouldn’t either. Newton applied his findings from his various experiments regarding gravity to the planets, reasoning that the gravity of the Earth and Jupiter glued their own particular moons to the respective planets and the Sun’s gravity kept all of the orbiting planets from being lost in space. The new heliocentric model of the planets discovered by these men—among many others—was revolutionary at the time, although in the modern world it is common knowledge. Where would we be today without them? Continue reading

Gypsy Watercolor Made AWESOME

Remember that gypsy I painted in walnut ink waaay back whenever? Well, even if you don’t, I screwed up on her eyes, but I finally found a way to fix it!dscn06303 I was actually trying to make this into my YouTube channel art but it wasn’t wide enough. So sad. Anyways, this is AWESOME!

Western Civilization^2 lesson 35

What factors contributed to the decline of Spain?

Spain’s formidable power and wealth began to decline drastically in the 1600s due to an unhappy combination of revolts, wars, plagues, and poor management. Many provinces of Spain attempted to break free and become their own countries. Catalonia and Portugal actually managed to unshackle themselves from Spain. However, trying to tame entire provinces ate up Spain’s funds rapidly. What money that was not used up was inhaled by the raging mouth of ongoing wars with the French and Dutch. Plagues overshadowed Spain and carried away 6,000,000 to 10,000,000 citizens. Unable to govern all of Spain at once, King Philip III granted the Duke of Lerma excessive political power. In 1609, the Duke of Lerma forced 400,000 Moriscos (Muslims who converted to Christianity)—who were all working citizens of Spain—to vacate their homes within three days with anything they could carry on their backs, because the Duke worried they had not truly converted. Perhaps the biggest factor in the decline of Spain was Many of the causes of the decline of Spain could have been avoided in the long run simply with better planning and a more competent ruler.

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