From the readings and lectures, in what sense did World War II become more “global” during its first two or two-and-a-half years?
The start of WWII becoming more “global” occurred when Hitler invaded Poland. Russia elected not to attack Germany on the grounds of a previously-created non-aggression pact between the two countries. Hitler began his reign of terror in Poland, rounding up everyone who escaped and either executing or sending them away to rot in concentration camps. Resistors were shot with no mercy and individuals were selected randomly to perform slave labor for the Nazis. Meanwhile, the Jewish were sentenced to suffer in their own walled off “cities” commonly referred to as ghettos. In the spring of 1940, Hitler devised and put to use a plan of attack called the blitzkrieg, where he would locate the weakest section of an enemy’s line and blast a hole through to the rear of the opposing army and eliminate the communications and supplies, leaving the army helpless and broken. Germany conquered a chunk of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, and crushed British forces with this extraordinarily effective technique. Through the blood-clouded eyes of Hilter, the British were simply uncooperative Anglo Saxons, and Hitler’s mustache decided to bomb Britain into submission. In order to accomplish this task, Hitler created the Luftwaffe–a new and improved German Air Force. On August 1940, the Battle of Britain began. Although the British pilots were aided by escaped Polish fighters, the Germans possessed superior technology and overwhelming numbers and left 40,000 citizens dead. Despite the odds against them, the British were victorious and blew a gaping hole in Hitler’s War Machine. Unwilling to give up, Hilter ordered a massively brutal invasion and occupation of Yugoslavia in 1941. Not seeing the benefit of an alliance with the Soviet Union any longer, Hitler about faced and ordered operation Barbarossa–a strike on the Soviet Union. Tiny mustache resented the fluffier mustache belonging to Stalin and was out for blood. June of 1941 was the largest military campaign in history. Anywhere Hitler’s eye turned, innocents suffered.
While Hitler was busy invading Europe, Roosevelt’s communist tendencies grew. In the President’s desire to enter the war and try his luck against the Germans, he tantalizingly dangled the entire Pacific fleet in front of the Japanese; in return, the Japanese bombed the crap out of Pearl Harbor. Roosevelt was shocked, he had expected to be hit, but escape relatively unhurt. He should have listen to the 80% of his citizens who had warned him not to involve the U.S. in the war. FDR and his military generals gathered together and created the Atlantic Charter: a war strategy against Germany just in case they got involved in the war after all. The U.S. was now in a predicament–they only had war plans against Hitler, not the Japanese who they were now at war with. Fortunately for FRD, Hilter solved this problem by ordering an attack on the U.S. who he viewed as mutts with inferior mustaches. Finally, all of the parties in WWII were in play.
write 150 words on this: “What is one of Kipling’s copybook headings that applies to recent public opinion?”
Previous to 1945, Copybooks were little books filled with moral messages for children to copy when learning how to write. Famous children’s author Rudyard Kipling wrote a poem satirizing public opinion by pointing out that if people just payed attention to their copybook headings, everyone would be much better off. A stanza from the latter half of his poem sounds as though it was written directly to comment on today’s public opinions, “In the Carboniferous Epoch we were promised abundance for all, By robbing selected Peter to pay for collective Paul; But, though we had plenty of money, there was nothing our money could buy, And the Gods of the Copybook Headings said: “If you don’t work you die.”” Today the general public is delighted by the idea of Socialism in which the taxpayer is robbed to pay for the lazy who do not work and collect welfare. Take public health care for example; the money to care for those who “cannot” or will not pay for their own health care comes from the taxes of those who can pay. What the general public doesn’t realize is that in Socialism, people quickly begin refusing to work because someone else is there to pay for them. However, when no-one will work, nothing is produced and civilization grinds to a halt. Abundance can never be reached if everyone refuses to do their share by working and consequently paying for themselves.
Another 2 hours of work for a 5 second GIF but it was WORTH IT! I’ve completely forgotten the name of this lock but who cares–it’s so cool!
*DISCLAIMER* We didn’t have time to do full paragraphs so this is our weekly paper compromise. :/
(1) What are the primary differences discussed in this week’s videos between Marxism and Marxism-Leninism?
- I. (Background) Karl Marx = German Philosopher-type guy espoused economic theory “Marxism” late 19th century
- II. (Topic) Russian socialists <3 Marxism and modified it after
Czars (esp. Lenin)
- #1. Marxism –> naturally via people
- #2. M-Leninism –> workers too stupid to bring about
- #3. Marx –> state would wither and die
- #4. Lenin –> state got even stronger
- #5. Marx –> everyone would have an abundance of food
- #6. Lenin –> starved the people through deceit
- #7. Marx–> ppl could do whatever they wanted
- #8. Lenin –> forced ppl to work in specific jobs
- #9. Marx –> no violence
- #10. Lenin –> public executions, forcibly seized property, ran out intellectuals
- III. (Clincher) Leninism and Marxism totally different and just complete control via state
*DISCLAIMER* We didn’t have time to do full paragraphs so this is our weekly paper compromise. :/
(1) How did a political assassination in June 1914 lead to a world war? Why did each of the major countries intervene?
- I. (Background) Ottoman empire crumbling, countries breaking free –> individual nations
- II. (Topic) Serbia agitated under A-H –> assassinated Archduke Ferdinand 1914
- #1. A demands punishment, Serbia refuses, A threatens war
- #2. Russia + Serbia, Germany + Austria (against R, S, & France)
- #3. Italy + G & A-H, but later
- #4. Germany invades Belgium –> France
- #5. England decides to teach Germany lesson
- #6. England hunger blockades against all Germany
- #7. Germany retaliates w/ submarine warfare
- #8. U.S. (Woodrow Wilson) anglophile =
- #9. Unreasonable about “peaceful” Americans on Warships –> <– Europe
- #10. Americans killed, Wilson –> war/Germany
- III. (Clincher) Nationalistic fervor = land grabbing & assassinations = protect own territory (w/ help of major ally) = WWI
(2) What are the values of Modernism that we see reflected across different fields, and how do they represent a departure from neoclassicism and the Enlightenment?
- Modernism is a philosophy that lasted from late 19th century to late 20th century Western Europe and was applied to literature, art, music, philosophy, and science.
- Two of the most famous people from this time were Sigmund Freud, the psychoanalyst, and Friedrich Nietzsche, the loopy philologist.
- Both lived from the mid-late 1800s to the mid 1900s
- Freud believed that people’s biggest desire in life was to satisfy their aggressiveness by taking it out on others.
- He was not a religious man and thought that the sole purpose of religion was to glue peoples together.
- However, Freud is perhaps most famous for his theory that dreams revealed the truth about people.
- Nietzsche on the other hand was heavily influenced by contemporary progressive writers and coined the famous phrase “God is Dead” due to his belief that Christianity was essentially slavery and people should be free in their beliefs instead of chained to a fixed set of morals.
- Modernism music by artists such as Igor Stravinsky and Arnold Schoenberg is to this day famous for its atonality, and literature by authors such as Kafka revolved around absurd realities.
- In fact, Kafkaesque has become a real word that describes abnormal situations.
- Visual art styles such as cubism and impressionism were invented.
- About two generations (18th century) before Modernism came Neoclassicism, a philosophy that preached rules, order, and logic–essentially a re-emphasis of classical Greek and Roman values and culture.
- Music took the sonata form and perfect examples of composers are Hayden and Mozart.
- Literature appeared as essays, letters, fables, and satires
- The French artist David painted the “Oath of the Horatii” where Roman soldiers took vows on their blades in a typical Roman Basilica, which sums up this period precisely.
- Essentially, Modernism is the rebellious teenage child of Neoclassicism
(1) What arguments does Gladstone make in favor of Home Rule for Ireland?
During the 1800s, the overwhelmingly Catholic Ireland was ruled over by the Majorly Protestant England. While most political restrictions held over Ireland were lifted early in the century, Catholics were still required to pay a tax to the Protestant Church. William Gladstone, British Prime Minister, began protesting this unfair taxation in 1886, claiming that it was morally incorrect to subject the people in such a way. He also argued that Ireland would never accept British rule and rebel constantly unless the British would allow the Irish to govern themselves, but was quickly shut down. Despite his failure to free the Catholic Irish from all restrictions, he was praised as a statesman for pursuing the rights of others even when the odds were stacked against him. Continue reading
There’s this book I sort of kind of really like most of the time called A Court of Thorns and Roses and if you go onto pinterest and look up “ACOTAR” you will find tons of imaginary scenarios between the characters. If you’ve never read the book, then just admire my art skills, because this will not make any sense to you. But if you have read the book, I hope you enjoy it and laugh your head off when you see it late at night like I did (everything is funny at night.) BTW in case you can’t tell ACOTAR fans, it’s Nesta and Cassian aka. the best couple who is not a couple. <3