Category Archives: Schoolwork

Geography of Religion Wk 10

Buddha’s Path (pt 1)

  • At Bodh Gaya Siddhartha Gautama became a Buddha and achieved enlightenment.
  • He lived for 45 more years, all the while travelling and teaching in cities no more than 150 miles from his birth place
  • He arrived at the concept of anatman “non-self.”
  • The Buddha taught that all existence is subject to the law of impermanence and thus reality is a process.
  • A human being has no permanent essence, only an ever changing relationship of the five skandhas— the physical body (made up of the 4 elements), feelings caused by sensory contacts, perceptions of said contacts (as good, evil, or neutral), habitual mental dispositions (which link mental activity and physical action), and consciousness (experience of the world by mind and body.)
  • The Buddha opposed both the “indulgence of the wealthy” and “the severe self-denial of ascetics,” proposing instead a middle ground.
  • The Buddha sought out 5 of his friends from his days as a bhikkhu (a wandering mendicant) and taught them the Four Noble Truths: there is suffering in the world, there is a cause of suffering, by eliminating the cause, one can end suffering, and there is a path by which one can end suffering. (the cause of suffering is sometimes ignorance, sometimes desire)
  • (More next week)

CWP Wk 10 (because I’m being lazy)

Fukushima’s Ongoing Nuclear Disaster. Primarily referred to as well as and

US History^2 Lecture #4

Spanish-American War

  • 1890s. Conflicts between US, Spain, and Cuba (under Spanish rule)
  • First contributing factor “Large Policy” –based on fact that US producing goods in huge abundance. Producing too much. to produce less, they would employ less people, therefore greater unemployment, therefore no money to buy the lesser goods being produced. US needed overseas markets to “unload excess production”
  • It was thought US navy would be needed to help facilitate trade. Culling and Naval stations in Pacific also thought to be necessary (aim to get hold of Asian specifically Chinese markets)
  • Large Navy needed for Large Policy
  • Part of Large Policy was implemented in Hawaii but pres. Grover Cleveland resisted–favored anti-imperialist position
  • Hawaiian Queen deposed and Hawaii was annexed to US eventually but not right now
  • CUBA 10 years war 1868-1878 resistance to Spanish authorities
  • 1895 another uprising in Cuba. Rebels using terrorist methods
  • Yellow journalism sensationalists events
  • Americans didn’t hear about this accurately. Saw it like George Washington fighting against the Brits for freedom
  • Dalome letter written by Spanish Ambassador said Pres. McKinley was weak and bidder for approval of crowd
  • WAR
  • Philippines naval battle over in a day. Land war in Cuba more prolonged but only a few months so pretty brief
  • at end of war after paying a sum to Spain, US acquired Guam Puerto Rico and Philippines and got some powers over Cuba
  • mid 1898 during war Hawaii acquisition becomes irresistable
  • Philippines outraged by US governing them and this challenged the idea of why the US was formed–freedom

Geography of Religion Wk 9


  • 5th century BC, South foothills of the Himalaya
  • Soon before King Suddhodana’s wife, Mayadevi, gave birth, she had a crazy dream which foretold that her son would either be a universal monarch or an enlightened Buddha
  • On her journey to visit her parents in the capitol of the neighboring clan, she stopped in a grove and was visited by 2 celestial beings
  • The baby emerged able to walk and talk and told Mayadevi that this was his last birth
  • They called the baby Siddhartha, “the one who attains the goal.”
  • The prince was raised in a palace and treated as…well…a prince. He married and his wife gave birth to a son.
  • Then, one day, the prince ventured outside of the palace gates and witnessed sickness, death, and poverty. Siddhartha then saw a Sadhu–a Hindu mendicant who had renounced the physical world to seek enlightenment
  • According to legend, he then shaved his head with his sword, took the name Gautama, and traveled to the Ganges Plain
  • 6 years later–close to death–he withdrew into meditation on the bank of the Nairanjana River and up sprang a religious movement–Buddhism

Geography of Religion Wk 8

Revival and Spread

  • Gupta Empire ending ~600 AD–Hinduism became a little more subdued with Buddhism and Islam more prominent
  • 16-18th century India was ruled by the Mughul Empire
  • 1644 English Company built Fort Saint George and established city of Madras
  • 1661 British acquired islands in a western bay south of Surat
  • 1674 Bombay became the HQ of East India Trading Company
  • 1702 Fort William was built near the mouth of the Hulgi River on the East Coast
  • (Village Kalikata became Calcutta)
  • This all formed the beginnings of modern India
  • Hinduism played a key role in India’s 20th century movement
  • Movement was embodied by Mohandas Gandhi who was devoted to the lifestyle of a sadhu
  • Lived austerely and preached non-violence and was devoted to helping the people of India regain their independence
  •  He focused on salt which was controlled by the British
  • 1804 proclamation (by the EIC)  banned private harvest or trade of Orissa salt which resulted in starvation and epidemics for the Indians who depended on the salt harvest and trade for their income
  • The British cleared  jungle land in Southern Bengal for wood and therefore fuel which aided the occurrence of a massive famine in Orissa in 1866
  • 1930 Gandhi held the Salt March which was both religious and political and covered 240 miles and took 25 days
  • The march started in Sabarmati Ashram. Gandhi and 78 others village-hopped in a salt satyagraha (aka a grasping of the truth)
  • By the time the march ended on April 6, at Dandhi–at the edge of the Arabian Sea–thousands of people had joined Gandhi in his march
  • The protest was filled with extremely symbolic acts and it sparked violence
  • The leaders of the march were imprisoned but the demonstrations continued
  • 1931 the British finally ended their salt campaign
  • In 1947 India had it’s independence but there were more troubles such as the separation of India into a majorly Hindu state and a majorly Muslim state (Pakistan) where a million people were killed in riots and 7 million people were displaced
  • Gandhi was assassinated in 1948
  • Some other protesting and separation stuff happened but Imma go eat pizza. Hope you learned some stuff. Enjoy your day :)


CWP Wk 9


  • 1938 Chemist Albert Hoffman searching for a compound that would stimulate blood flow
  • 25th ergot derivative–lysergic acid diethylamide which became LSD 25
  • let the compound touch his unloved hand and experienced the worlds first acid trip
  • decided to experiment on himself and swallowed 250 micro grams–very potent. (had a bad trip)
  • Warner Stoll (Hoffman’s partner) published a report on LSD in 1949 or around thereabouts
  • came to the attention of the CIA–wanted a mind control drug
  • Project Bluebird was the combined project to create this mind control drug
  • The next year it was reformed as project Artichoke
  • 1953 MK Ultra was sanctioned by CIA to perform further studies on the public and fellow agents with LSD.
  • Agents literally just pranking each other by slipping each other LSD and watching them acid trip
  • George Hunter Wight was a pretty evil person
  • Moved base of operations to San Francisco. operation Midnight climax. Hired prostitutes and got them to go to bars and dose innocent civilians (men) with LSD. At night they partied with LSD and prostitutes. This went on for 8 years
  • (these are MK Ultra projects)
  • He had a hell of a lot of fun “lie kill cheat still rape and pillage” with the sanction of the government/CIA
  • Loretta Bilder kept prepubescent children high on LSD for weeks at a time because they wanted to study “how children communicated”
  • creepiest doctor was Deu Cameron who was obsessed with schitzophrenia
  • frequently ordered experimental lobotomies on patients with only mild anesthetic so he could document their reactions
  • Linda McDonald was referred to him for mild depression and mild back pain
  • 25 years old. married and with 5 children. diagnosed with acute schitzophrenia
  • transferred to “sleep room” from 86 days
  • administered 102 electroshock treatments in that time
  • treatment reduced her to an infantile state. no memory. even had to be toilet trained again

US History Lecture #28

North Over South: Recreating the Union, Part II

  • General end date for reconstruction 1877 but arbitrary–federal gov promised to withdraw troops from the South
  • West and North as well as South
  • Republican party had no check on dominance
  • 1866 crush democrats in election
  • still remaking the US. The idea has been around since the reconstruction
  • 1867 republicans pass first reconstruction act
  • congress kicked southern states out of the union even though they said that it was illegal and not possible for south to succeed from the union
  • Tennessee was the only state that stayed in the union (placed under Marshall law and suspended civil courts)
  • “conquered provinces” now
  • north doesn’t care about constitution. just remaking the union and seriously making south suffer BTW
  • Black majorities in South in terms of voting majority
  • republicans now trying to get rid of Johnson (first impeached cuz he broke a law that congress passed)
  • (he had been vetoing congresses acts)
  • later he was vindicated by the admission that the trial was just a witch hunt
  • but at the time, republicans were just going wild
  • most egregious violation of the constitution at the time was the 14th amendment
  • ratified 1868–former confederate states required to ratify it
  • said states no longer have control over citizenship
  • Increase in black political participation 1868-1871
  • misconception about Ku Klux Klan
  • went after scalawags. white southerners and white people who had moved to south and were enforcing south reconstruction

CWP Wk 8

Discrimination vs. Discrimination

Discrimination is defined as “recognition and understanding of the difference between one thing and another.” This is not a bad thing. When you order something off of the menu in a restaurant, you are discriminating between foods. However, in modern culture, the word “discrimination” is taken to mean unjust treatment of certain people based on their lifestyle, religion, or appearance. Unfortunately, these two definitions can be easily confused.

Let’s start with a classic example of perceived racism. Your car has broken down and you need a ride. There are two people about to get into cars and you must ask one for a ride home. The first person is a young, clean-shaven, white man in a suit. The second is a tattooed, pierced, black teen whose pants sag to his knees. Most people would obviously choose the white man in the suit. Why? The easy answer might seem to be “because he is white” but this is not the case at all. If we reverse the skin colors of the men, most everyone would immediately choose the black man in the suit. The preference of which man to approach has nothing to do with skin color but how the men present themselves. This demonstrates how perceived racism commonly has nothing to do with natural appearance but how the individuals act. A specific set of features also indicates a certain culture and it is this culture someone may find unsavory, not the color of the person’s skin.

Now let’s introduce a bit of perceived sexual discrimination with a second example. Imagine an average-sized man and an average-sized woman who are both applying to the job of firefighter, where there is only one open position. Unless he’s completely incompetent, the man would generally be the preferred choice. Why? When comparing a male and female’s bodies, the difference in size and muscle mass are obvious. Unless a man is considerably smaller than average, he will have an easier time carrying a man out of a burning building than a woman will. The decision to hire the man is not sexist, it’s purely based on a clinical observation of who would be more suited for the job. Specific jobs, such as firefighting, which requires strength and endurance, require people with specific physical aspects. Men, women, whites, blacks, smaller or larger people, disabled, fully functioning…etc.

Discrimination, meaning “recognition and understanding of the difference between one thing and another.” is good. Without it the firefighter who rescues you may be unable to carry you out of the burning building. Before immediately assuming someone is a racist jerk, take a moment to understand the difference between the two definitions and see if there is a reason they are catching a ride with one man or the other.

Geography of Religion Wk 7

The Muslim Era and Sikhism

  • Incursions from the West brought Muslims into India. (7th century –>)
  • Muslim rule dominated Northern India by the 16th century=Great Mughal Empire
  • GME early 18th century –> relied on a intimate knowledge of Hindu culture and patronage of Hindu temples even though there was as Islamic ideaology
  • Muslim and Hindu interaction bred Sikhism
  • Sikhism has 10 gurus (holy men) who were alive sometime between the 15th-18th centuries
  • Their influence is not only religious but also political (Punjab region)
  • (17th cent.) Muslim leaders began driving Sikh leaders from villages and into the Himalayan foothills because they were becoming a threat
  • After several generations they rose, and led by Ranjit Singh, claimed Punjab as a Sikh kingdom
  • Today, Sikhs still maintain a significant political and religious power in Punjab, which has been declared a state within the nation of India
  • 1984 the government of Indira Gandhi and the Sikhs erupted in violence
  • The Sikhs’ most holy shrine, The Golden Temple of Amritsar, was attacked to flush out a group of insurgents and holy men
  • Seven months later Indira Gandhi was assassinated in retribution

Geography of Religion Wk 6

  • Battle among tribal warlord. Upper reaches of Ganges during first millennium BC
  • Pandavas vs. Kauravas rival factions w/in one fam.
  • 18-day war
  • Young warrior of Pandavas, Arjuna refused to fight because of the knowledge that he would be facing family and friends on the battlefield
  • Krishna, his charioteer, suddenly revealed himself as a divine being and encouraged Arjuna to fight.
  • The significance of this is that it forms the poetry of the Bhagavad Gita, one of the most popular holy books of Hinduism. The Bhagavad Gita is just one of the 100,000 verses in the Mahabharata
  • Annnndddd I don’t want to write any more so bye