*DISCLAIMER* We didn’t have time to do full paragraphs so this is our weekly paper compromise. :/
(1) How did a political assassination in June 1914 lead to a world war? Why did each of the major countries intervene?
- I. (Background) Ottoman empire crumbling, countries breaking free –> individual nations
- II. (Topic) Serbia agitated under A-H –> assassinated Archduke Ferdinand 1914
- #1. A demands punishment, Serbia refuses, A threatens war
- #2. Russia + Serbia, Germany + Austria (against R, S, & France)
- #3. Italy + G & A-H, but later
- #4. Germany invades Belgium –> France
- #5. England decides to teach Germany lesson
- #6. England hunger blockades against all Germany
- #7. Germany retaliates w/ submarine warfare
- #8. U.S. (Woodrow Wilson) anglophile =
- #9. Unreasonable about “peaceful” Americans on Warships –> <– Europe
- #10. Americans killed, Wilson –> war/Germany
- III. (Clincher) Nationalistic fervor = land grabbing & assassinations = protect own territory (w/ help of major ally) = WWI
(2) What are the values of Modernism that we see reflected across different fields, and how do they represent a departure from neoclassicism and the Enlightenment?
- Modernism is a philosophy that lasted from late 19th century to late 20th century Western Europe and was applied to literature, art, music, philosophy, and science.
- Two of the most famous people from this time were Sigmund Freud, the psychoanalyst, and Friedrich Nietzsche, the loopy philologist.
- Both lived from the mid-late 1800s to the mid 1900s
- Freud believed that people’s biggest desire in life was to satisfy their aggressiveness by taking it out on others.
- He was not a religious man and thought that the sole purpose of religion was to glue peoples together.
- However, Freud is perhaps most famous for his theory that dreams revealed the truth about people.
- Nietzsche on the other hand was heavily influenced by contemporary progressive writers and coined the famous phrase “God is Dead” due to his belief that Christianity was essentially slavery and people should be free in their beliefs instead of chained to a fixed set of morals.
- Modernism music by artists such as Igor Stravinsky and Arnold Schoenberg is to this day famous for its atonality, and literature by authors such as Kafka revolved around absurd realities.
- In fact, Kafkaesque has become a real word that describes abnormal situations.
- Visual art styles such as cubism and impressionism were invented.
- About two generations (18th century) before Modernism came Neoclassicism, a philosophy that preached rules, order, and logic–essentially a re-emphasis of classical Greek and Roman values and culture.
- Music took the sonata form and perfect examples of composers are Hayden and Mozart.
- Literature appeared as essays, letters, fables, and satires
- The French artist David painted the “Oath of the Horatii” where Roman soldiers took vows on their blades in a typical Roman Basilica, which sums up this period precisely.
- Essentially, Modernism is the rebellious teenage child of Neoclassicism
(1) What arguments does Gladstone make in favor of Home Rule for Ireland?
During the 1800s, the overwhelmingly Catholic Ireland was ruled over by the Majorly Protestant England. While most political restrictions held over Ireland were lifted early in the century, Catholics were still required to pay a tax to the Protestant Church. William Gladstone, British Prime Minister, began protesting this unfair taxation in 1886, claiming that it was morally incorrect to subject the people in such a way. He also argued that Ireland would never accept British rule and rebel constantly unless the British would allow the Irish to govern themselves, but was quickly shut down. Despite his failure to free the Catholic Irish from all restrictions, he was praised as a statesman for pursuing the rights of others even when the odds were stacked against him. Continue reading
“After Satan’s rebellion, Satan was motivated more by his envy of God than his jealousy of God: true or false?”
The epic poem Paradise Lost was written by John Milton in 1667, ensuring his name would be forever remembered in the history books of the Western World. The poem describing Milton’s theories on Satan and his cohorts’ fall from Heaven is still read today by anyone studying Western Literature. Satan rose against God full of jealousy, but after mounting a hopeless attack against the angelic kingdom, the bitterness of his defeat ignited the envy within him to hurt God by attacking his most prized creation—man.
Jealousy is defined as coveting something in the possession of someone else, but envy is simply defined as wanting to tear someone down because they have something that you want. Motivated by his unquenchable thirst for power, Satan amassed an army and rose up to seize God’s throne. Unsurprisingly, he failed spectacularly, for how can one stand against God? Although he motivated his army of demons (and randomly inserted gods from other cultures) to keep fighting, his council of brother demons, including Mammon, Belial, Moloch, and Beelzebub, offer increasingly brainless ways to win the fight. Ultimately, they settle on an approach introduced by the biggest browbeater of them all—Satan himself. It is at this point in the story where Satan’s envy of God obviously overpowers the jealousy. As the smartest of them all, Satan realized that the one creation that God loved above all others could be corrupted in his favor to wound God. The rest of the story is dedicated to Satan escaping from hell and bringing the downfall of man in way that would devastate God like nothing else. Continue reading
“What can I cut out of my weekly schedule in order to increase my efficiency?”
I have noticed that lately, I always doodle when listening to Lit or Civ lectures. While I enjoy this time to do something I love every morning, not drawing would probably increase my efficiency in the end of the week papers. Drawing does not mean I can’t listen, just not nearly as well as if I was taking notes for instance. If I took notes, then at the end of the week, I would not have to pick as many facts that I cannot remember from articles or listen to the conclusions of lessons again to write them down for future reference. However, if i cut out the drawing time from my day, I would probably go insane and then I would not be able to listen to lectures at all. A compromise would be to put aside my drawing for the final review lessons of each week and take notes those days, but leaving the rest of the week to doodle while listening.