Category Archives: Schoolwork

West Civ^2 (L 120) o/ lines

*DISCLAIMER* We didn’t have time to do full paragraphs so this is our weekly paper compromise. :/

(1) How did a political assassination in June 1914 lead to a world war? Why did each of the major countries intervene?

  •  I. (Background) Ottoman empire crumbling, countries breaking free –> individual nations
  • II. (Topic) Serbia agitated under A-H –> assassinated Archduke Ferdinand 1914
  • #1. A demands punishment, Serbia refuses, A threatens war
  • #2. Russia + Serbia, Germany + Austria (against R, S, & France)
  • #3. Italy + G & A-H, but later first allies
  • #4. Germany invades Belgium –> France
  • #5. England decides to teach Germany lesson
  • #6. England hunger blockades against all Germany
  • #7. Germany retaliates w/ submarine warfare
  • #8. U.S. (Woodrow Wilson) anglophile = Germany
  • #9. Unreasonable about “peaceful” Americans on Warships –> <– Europe
  • #10. Americans killed, Wilson –> war/Germany
  • III. (Clincher) Nationalistic fervor = land grabbing & assassinations = protect own territory (w/ help of major ally) = WWI

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West Civ^2 Bullet Points!? (L115)

(2) What are the values of Modernism that we see reflected across different fields, and how do they represent a departure from neoclassicism and the Enlightenment?

  • Modernism is a philosophy that lasted from late 19th century to late 20th century Western Europe and was applied to literature, art, music, philosophy, and science.
  • Two of the most famous people from this time were Sigmund Freud, the psychoanalyst, and Friedrich Nietzsche, the loopy philologist.
  • Both lived from the mid-late 1800s to the mid 1900s
  • Freud believed that people’s biggest desire in life was to satisfy their aggressiveness by taking it out on others.
  • He was not a religious man and thought that the sole purpose of religion was to glue peoples together.
  • However, Freud is perhaps most famous for his theory that dreams revealed the truth about people.
  • Nietzsche on the other hand was heavily influenced by contemporary progressive writers and coined the famous phrase “God is Dead” due to his belief that Christianity was essentially slavery and people should be free in their beliefs instead of chained to a fixed set of morals.
  • Modernism music by artists such as Igor Stravinsky and Arnold Schoenberg is to this day famous for its atonality, and literature by authors such as Kafka revolved around absurd realities.
  • In fact, Kafkaesque has become a real word that describes abnormal situations.
  • Visual art styles such as cubism and impressionism were invented.
  • About two generations (18th century) before Modernism came Neoclassicism, a philosophy that preached rules, order, and logic–essentially a re-emphasis of classical Greek and Roman values and culture.
  • Music took the sonata form and perfect examples of composers are Hayden and Mozart.
  • Literature appeared as essays, letters, fables, and satires
  • The French artist David painted the “Oath of the Horatii” where Roman soldiers took vows on their blades in a typical Roman Basilica, which sums up this period precisely.
  • Essentially, Modernism is the rebellious teenage child of Neoclassicism

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West Civ^2 Blogging (L110)

(1) What arguments does Gladstone make in favor of Home Rule for Ireland?

During the 1800s, the overwhelmingly Catholic Ireland was ruled over by the Majorly Protestant England. While most political restrictions held over Ireland were lifted early in the century, Catholics were still required to pay a tax to the Protestant Church. William Gladstone, British Prime Minister, began protesting this unfair taxation in 1886, claiming that it was morally incorrect to subject the people in such a way. He also argued that Ireland would never accept British rule and rebel constantly unless the British would allow the Irish to govern themselves, but was quickly shut down. Despite his failure to free the Catholic Irish from all restrictions, he was praised as a statesman for pursuing the rights of others even when the odds were stacked against him. Continue reading

West Civ^2 Blogging (L105)

(1) What were the key steps in the process of Italian unification?

Up until the 19th century, Italy consisted of a series of independent states. Of all the states involved in the unification of Italy, Piedmont was the most influential. Two prominent statesmen, Giuseppe Mazzini and Giuseppe Garibaldi, had been attempting to unify Italy for a long time, but the Prime Minister of Piedmont, Count Camillo di Cavour, played the biggest role during the 1850s. During the Crimean war, he sent 15,000 troops to anti-Russian side in an effort to gain France as an ally when time came to oust the Austrian overlords of Italy. Napoleon III supported Cavour with the condition that they would only fight as long as Austria would fire the first shot. After many failed attempts to provoke Austria into attacking, Napoleon finally gave up and began to demobilize his army. Viewing the retreating French army as an easy target to finally be rid of once and for all, Austria finally lashed out. But, the French armies were victorious and Lombardy was added to the new unified states that made up Italy at that time. However, the unification of Italy was not yet complete! Garibaldi the famous general, entered the scene again and conquered the southern part of Italy, including various Vatican territories, for Piedmont, who was ruling over the states forming Italy. In 1861 Cavour died, never seeing the full unification of Italy to which he had devoted his life. Nevertheless, one by one, more states were conquered, with the exception of the Vatican which remained independent, forming the Italy of today in 1870. Continue reading

West Civ^2 Blogging (LESSON 100!!)

(1) Discuss two weak points in the views of Karl Marx, and explain what’s wrong with them.

  • The first belief of Karl Marx that does not hold up under close inspection is  that if the division of labor is removed, out would pour artistic talent and skill into the world. But why would you attempt to specialize in perhaps 20 fields when you could work in 19 of them as hobbies and be exceptional at one in particular? If everyone decided that they wanted to focus on multiple jobs instead of one, quality health care for example would vanish. No one would specialize in the medical field anymore and the death rate would shoot back to the middle ages. Aren’t we all fond of comfy couches to lounge on in our spare time? They would vanish as well. With no one dedicated to providing a quality couch, every one you bought would be so lacking in quality and durability that it would be a waste of money to even own a couch anymore. Without specialists in every field that you can think of, quality products and care would cease to exist (especially in industries such as plumbing.)
  • The second paper-thin belief of Karl Marx is that all exchanged items must be equal. This is utterly and absurdly false because the entire reason people exchange objects is because they are unequal. For instance let’s say Fred has a new pen and Jane has a toy car and they would like to exchange the two items. If the items were equal. both people would be satisfied with what they have and not want what the other has instead. Fred desires the toy car more than he likes his pen and vice versa with Jane, making the two items unequal in both of their eyes and leaving both satisfied after the exchange. This simple example can be applied to any two exchanged items and completely trashes Marx’s belief.

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West Civ^2 Blogging (L95)

(1) What happened in France during the Revolution of 1830?

The 1820’s in France was a fairly prosperous time. However, as it came to an end, people began to complain about their many grievances that had been easily placated with the comfortable living of the 1820’s. Rioters and Political protesters filled the streets. Charles X, the new king, clamped down on the already restricted free press and reduced the limit of those allowed to vote to only 23,000 citizens. The Ultras (supporters of the king) attempted to portray those against the king as the descendants of the Reign of Terror. Animosity only grew as a result. Charles X dismissed the Chamber of Deputies (the main legislative body of France.) Eventually, Charles was deposed and replaced by a more moderate, middle-class-minded type of king. Meanwhile artisans were breaking machines and demanding that the government shut down labor saving machinery (idiots) because this newfangled machinery was taking their jobs away. Louis Philippe–the new king–was not sympathetic to their plight and demanded that the riots halt. The 1820’s clashed sharply with the 1830’s and if the Revolutions of 1830 told me anything, it is that the absence of a comfortable life in the wake of prosperity can stir up people quicker than anything else. Continue reading

West Civ^2 Blogging (L90)

(2) What was the basic message of the utopian socialists?

Utopian socialists constructed blueprints for their own societies. They thought competition in business was inefficient and unnecessary. If only society would agree to a single plan (their plan), then their community would be prosperous and flowery. However, the more planning they heaped upon small test communities, the faster they crumbled. Free speech was forbidden, all goods were obviously shared equally no matter who did the work, and private property was nonexistent. The people in these small socialist groups quickly learned to despise the socialist plan–as should we all.

(3) What were the characteristics of neoclassicism? Give one example of neoclassicism and show how it embodies at least one of these characteristics.

Neoclassicism is 18th century cultural movement that emphasizes reason, order, serenity, and proper decorum. Paintings were balanced and symmetrical. Classic themes such as those in Rome predominated. Sculptures were filled with “noble simplicity.” In literature, things were done just so and following the rules exactly. Grammar books for instance were published and read for pleasure so as for everyone to know exactly how to write. Continue reading

Western Literature^2 lesson 65

“After Satan’s rebellion, Satan was motivated more by his envy of God than his jealousy of God: true or false?”

The epic poem Paradise Lost was written by John Milton in 1667, ensuring his name would be forever remembered in the history books of the Western World. The poem describing Milton’s theories on Satan and his cohorts’ fall from Heaven is still read today by anyone studying Western Literature. Satan rose against God full of jealousy, but after mounting a hopeless attack against the angelic kingdom, the bitterness of his defeat ignited the envy within him to hurt God by attacking his most prized creation—man.

Jealousy is defined as coveting something in the possession of someone else, but envy is simply defined as wanting to tear someone down because they have something that you want. Motivated by his unquenchable thirst for power, Satan amassed an army and rose up to seize God’s throne. Unsurprisingly, he failed spectacularly, for how can one stand against God? Although he motivated his army of demons (and randomly inserted gods from other cultures) to keep fighting, his council of brother demons, including Mammon, Belial, Moloch, and Beelzebub, offer increasingly brainless ways to win the fight. Ultimately, they settle on an approach introduced by the biggest browbeater of them all—Satan himself. It is at this point in the story where Satan’s envy of God obviously overpowers the jealousy. As the smartest of them all, Satan realized that the one creation that God loved above all others could be corrupted in his favor to wound God. The rest of the story is dedicated to Satan escaping from hell and bringing the downfall of man in way that would devastate God like nothing else. Continue reading

Civ^2 Blogging (85)

(1) What does the evidence show about education in England before the compulsory state system was established?

Before compulsory state education emerged, people were free to seek education however they chose. Despite no forced education, England produced the most literate society on the earth for that time (over 95% of 15 year-olds). In 1870 an act was passed to “fill in gaps where there was not enough education in the private system.” By 1880, education became compulsory, and in 1891, state schooling became funded solely by tax-payer’s dollars. Compulsory education laws never had and never will increase the amount of children attending school despite the misleading figures that inform us otherwise. The only thing that grew was the amount of people in the West due to decreasing death rates, and the government’s influence over the people.

(2) What is classical liberalism?

Modern liberalism and classic liberalism are extremely different concepts, essentially opposites. Modern liberalism is a little something I like to call hipster socialism and is represented by all of the Hillary supporters rioting due to Trump’s election. Classic Liberalism can be summed up in four words:  individual liberty and limited government. Classical liberalism supports freedom of speech (although technically free speech, hanging a figure of Trump from a noose off the side of your house in a neighborhood full of children is both offensive and extremely inappropriate) and freedom of press. Religious freedom is also an essential idea in classic liberalism–forcing someone to attend a mass does not convert them and only forces them to become liars or hypocrites. Reason and rational discussion are the only viable ways to argue your beliefs and they are two things that modern liberalists are entirely incapable of (as evidenced by their beliefs). Continue reading

Biz Blogging (L55)

“What can I cut out of my weekly schedule in order to increase my efficiency?”

I have noticed that lately, I always doodle when listening to Lit or Civ lectures. While I enjoy this time to do something I love every morning, not drawing would probably increase my efficiency in the end of the week papers. Drawing does not mean I can’t listen, just not nearly as well as if I was taking notes for instance. If I took notes, then at the end of the week, I would not have to pick as many facts that I cannot remember from articles or listen to the conclusions of lessons again to write them down for future reference. However, if i cut out the drawing time from my day, I would probably go insane and then I would not be able to listen to lectures at all. A compromise would be to put aside my drawing for the final review lessons of each week and take notes those days, but leaving the rest of the week to doodle while listening.