Monthly Archives: December 2017

Geography of Religion Wk 9

Buddah 

  • 5th century BC, South foothills of the Himalaya
  • Soon before King Suddhodana’s wife, Mayadevi, gave birth, she had a crazy dream which foretold that her son would either be a universal monarch or an enlightened Buddha
  • On her journey to visit her parents in the capitol of the neighboring clan, she stopped in a grove and was visited by 2 celestial beings
  • The baby emerged able to walk and talk and told Mayadevi that this was his last birth
  • They called the baby Siddhartha, “the one who attains the goal.”
  • The prince was raised in a palace and treated as…well…a prince. He married and his wife gave birth to a son.
  • Then, one day, the prince ventured outside of the palace gates and witnessed sickness, death, and poverty. Siddhartha then saw a Sadhu–a Hindu mendicant who had renounced the physical world to seek enlightenment
  • According to legend, he then shaved his head with his sword, took the name Gautama, and traveled to the Ganges Plain
  • 6 years later–close to death–he withdrew into meditation on the bank of the Nairanjana River and up sprang a religious movement–Buddhism

Geography of Religion Wk 8

Revival and Spread

  • Gupta Empire ending ~600 AD–Hinduism became a little more subdued with Buddhism and Islam more prominent
  • 16-18th century India was ruled by the Mughul Empire
  • 1644 English Company built Fort Saint George and established city of Madras
  • 1661 British acquired islands in a western bay south of Surat
  • 1674 Bombay became the HQ of East India Trading Company
  • 1702 Fort William was built near the mouth of the Hulgi River on the East Coast
  • (Village Kalikata became Calcutta)
  • This all formed the beginnings of modern India
  • Hinduism played a key role in India’s 20th century movement
  • Movement was embodied by Mohandas Gandhi who was devoted to the lifestyle of a sadhu
  • Lived austerely and preached non-violence and was devoted to helping the people of India regain their independence
  •  He focused on salt which was controlled by the British
  • 1804 proclamation (by the EIC)  banned private harvest or trade of Orissa salt which resulted in starvation and epidemics for the Indians who depended on the salt harvest and trade for their income
  • The British cleared  jungle land in Southern Bengal for wood and therefore fuel which aided the occurrence of a massive famine in Orissa in 1866
  • 1930 Gandhi held the Salt March which was both religious and political and covered 240 miles and took 25 days
  • The march started in Sabarmati Ashram. Gandhi and 78 others village-hopped in a salt satyagraha (aka a grasping of the truth)
  • By the time the march ended on April 6, at Dandhi–at the edge of the Arabian Sea–thousands of people had joined Gandhi in his march
  • The protest was filled with extremely symbolic acts and it sparked violence
  • The leaders of the march were imprisoned but the demonstrations continued
  • 1931 the British finally ended their salt campaign
  • In 1947 India had it’s independence but there were more troubles such as the separation of India into a majorly Hindu state and a majorly Muslim state (Pakistan) where a million people were killed in riots and 7 million people were displaced
  • Gandhi was assassinated in 1948
  • Some other protesting and separation stuff happened but Imma go eat pizza. Hope you learned some stuff. Enjoy your day :)

 

CWP Wk 9

LSD

  • 1938 Chemist Albert Hoffman searching for a compound that would stimulate blood flow
  • 25th ergot derivative–lysergic acid diethylamide which became LSD 25
  • let the compound touch his unloved hand and experienced the worlds first acid trip
  • decided to experiment on himself and swallowed 250 micro grams–very potent. (had a bad trip)
  • Warner Stoll (Hoffman’s partner) published a report on LSD in 1949 or around thereabouts
  • came to the attention of the CIA–wanted a mind control drug
  • Project Bluebird was the combined project to create this mind control drug
  • The next year it was reformed as project Artichoke
  • 1953 MK Ultra was sanctioned by CIA to perform further studies on the public and fellow agents with LSD.
  • Agents literally just pranking each other by slipping each other LSD and watching them acid trip
  • George Hunter Wight was a pretty evil person
  • Moved base of operations to San Francisco. operation Midnight climax. Hired prostitutes and got them to go to bars and dose innocent civilians (men) with LSD. At night they partied with LSD and prostitutes. This went on for 8 years
  • (these are MK Ultra projects)
  • He had a hell of a lot of fun “lie kill cheat still rape and pillage” with the sanction of the government/CIA
  • Loretta Bilder kept prepubescent children high on LSD for weeks at a time because they wanted to study “how children communicated”
  • creepiest doctor was Deu Cameron who was obsessed with schitzophrenia
  • frequently ordered experimental lobotomies on patients with only mild anesthetic so he could document their reactions
  • Linda McDonald was referred to him for mild depression and mild back pain
  • 25 years old. married and with 5 children. diagnosed with acute schitzophrenia
  • transferred to “sleep room” from 86 days
  • administered 102 electroshock treatments in that time
  • treatment reduced her to an infantile state. no memory. even had to be toilet trained again
  • I HATE DEU CAMERON WITH A FLAMING PASSION AND WOULD LIKE TO RIP HIM TO SHREDS IF HE WERE STILL ALIVE

US History Lecture #28

North Over South: Recreating the Union, Part II

  • General end date for reconstruction 1877 but arbitrary–federal gov promised to withdraw troops from the South
  • West and North as well as South
  • Republican party had no check on dominance
  • 1866 crush democrats in election
  • still remaking the US. The idea has been around since the reconstruction
  • 1867 republicans pass first reconstruction act
  • congress kicked southern states out of the union even though they said that it was illegal and not possible for south to succeed from the union
  • Tennessee was the only state that stayed in the union (placed under Marshall law and suspended civil courts)
  • “conquered provinces” now
  • north doesn’t care about constitution. just remaking the union and seriously making south suffer BTW
  • Black majorities in South in terms of voting majority
  • republicans now trying to get rid of Johnson (first impeached cuz he broke a law that congress passed)
  • (he had been vetoing congresses acts)
  • later he was vindicated by the admission that the trial was just a witch hunt
  • but at the time, republicans were just going wild
  • most egregious violation of the constitution at the time was the 14th amendment
  • ratified 1868–former confederate states required to ratify it
  • said states no longer have control over citizenship
  • Increase in black political participation 1868-1871
  • misconception about Ku Klux Klan
  • went after scalawags. white southerners and white people who had moved to south and were enforcing south reconstruction