(1) What happened in France during the Revolution of 1830?
The 1820’s in France was a fairly prosperous time. However, as it came to an end, people began to complain about their many grievances that had been easily placated with the comfortable living of the 1820’s. Rioters and Political protesters filled the streets. Charles X, the new king, clamped down on the already restricted free press and reduced the limit of those allowed to vote to only 23,000 citizens. The Ultras (supporters of the king) attempted to portray those against the king as the descendants of the Reign of Terror. Animosity only grew as a result. Charles X dismissed the Chamber of Deputies (the main legislative body of France.) Eventually, Charles was deposed and replaced by a more moderate, middle-class-minded type of king. Meanwhile artisans were breaking machines and demanding that the government shut down labor saving machinery (idiots) because this newfangled machinery was taking their jobs away. Louis Philippe–the new king–was not sympathetic to their plight and demanded that the riots halt. The 1820’s clashed sharply with the 1830’s and if the Revolutions of 1830 told me anything, it is that the absence of a comfortable life in the wake of prosperity can stir up people quicker than anything else.
(3) Why did Karl Marx think socialism was superior to capitalism
Socialism is a system of thought about economics and society. Karl Marx designed his own branch–Marxism. He hated private property and competition in production with a vengeance because he believed that it placed workers in an exploitable position by their bosses. Marx also believed socialism was inevitable in society and that social classes will one day come to an end. Socialism was superior to capitalism in Marx’s eyes because in theory it produces more goods (everything was planned out and the competition of capitalism was removed) and people were equal. People’s lives would become full of meaning once they were granted the freedom to switch jobs according to whatever made them happy. The need for work would decrease due to the efficient and flawless (hahaha) economy and the lack of working supervisors needed, therefore freeing up more people (many hands make little work.) Although Karl believed in the superiority of socialism to capitalism, the only thing you need to realize his foolishness is a brain with neurons firing.