US History Lecture #21

Abolitionism

  • American Revolution: slavery attacked
  • In northern states, slavery eliminated very quickly
  • Southern states decided to adopt gradual emancipation laws
  • Prime example 1799 “beginning next year on 4th of July anyone born into slavery in New York will be free when 18 if female and 21 if male”
  • Took a long time but it did end as a direct consequence of these acts
  • Idea that if blacks were freed there would be a race war where one race would be exterminated
  • 1831: what to do after the emancipation?
  • “Colonization” send away all free black people
  • American Colonization Society (James Madison, Henry Clay, John Tyler, Abraham Lincoln, and others)
  • How to transport the people? Where to send them?
  • Liberia was an ideal place apparently
  • Compensating masters, transporting people, and obtaining land would all be too expensive so colonization was not going to happen
  • (1832) After this was given up on, people decided to not free the slaves and just not talk about it so as to not encourage anyone
  • Fear that slaves would come back to wreak vengeance upon former masters

 

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *