US History Lecture #28

North Over South: Recreating the Union, Part II

  • General end date for reconstruction 1877 but arbitrary–federal gov promised to withdraw troops from the South
  • West and North as well as South
  • Republican party had no check on dominance
  • 1866 crush democrats in election
  • still remaking the US. The idea has been around since the reconstruction
  • 1867 republicans pass first reconstruction act
  • congress kicked southern states out of the union even though they said that it was illegal and not possible for south to succeed from the union
  • Tennessee was the only state that stayed in the union (placed under Marshall law and suspended civil courts)
  • “conquered provinces” now
  • north doesn’t care about constitution. just remaking the union and seriously making south suffer BTW
  • Black majorities in South in terms of voting majority
  • republicans now trying to get rid of Johnson (first impeached cuz he broke a law that congress passed)
  • (he had been vetoing congresses acts)
  • later he was vindicated by the admission that the trial was just a witch hunt
  • but at the time, republicans were just going wild
  • most egregious violation of the constitution at the time was the 14th amendment
  • ratified 1868–former confederate states required to ratify it
  • said states no longer have control over citizenship
  • Increase in black political participation 1868-1871
  • misconception about Ku Klux Klan
  • went after scalawags. white southerners and white people who had moved to south and were enforcing south reconstruction

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