CWP Wk 6

  • 1900s Everyone believed Opium was a huge problem
  • 1980 Dec 28. Washington Post  ran “Jimmy’s World” by Janet Cooke
  • Really incited a lot of people to hate and fear opium more than ever
  • 8 year old kid in the ghetto addicted to opium since 4 years old
  • Mother’s live-in-lover selled opium as a business
  • Mayor of WA D.C. ordered search of city to find and save this kid
  • 6 reporters ordered to go find other kids like him because he certainly couldn’t be the only child opium addict out there
  • She won Pulitzer prize for the story but Jimmy was never found and Janet couldn’t remember where he was so Pulitzer prize was taken away
  • Actually were child opium addicts though
  • Opium-based soothing-syrups for children
  • Women employed to take care of dozen+ children and kept them quiet by feeding them opium syrup
  • Not uncommon for mothers to also feed them opium syrup to get a good nights sleep
  • Only at end of 19th century when people really realized how addictive it was
  • Infanticide through opium overdoses by poor women was also not uncommon
  • “Baby Farms” where women were paid to adopt a child but then they killed the kid so they didn’t have to deal with them
  • Infanticide also with a bastard child because another baby was another mouth to feed



CWP Wk 5


Recently, I’v started listening to a series of lectures on that discusses drugs throughout history. From the two or three lectures that I’ve heard so far, one thing is blatantly clear: social media and public impressions have done far more to affect the way drugs are treated in our society than the medical facts of these drugs have. When we look at marijuana for instance, we can see that there is a huge benefit to using this drug in medicine, but the general hatred of the drug was enough to make it illegal in the U.S. without any real consideration of the drug’s uses and effects on the populace. Since marijuana’s legalization, the only noticeable difference in society are several marijuana shops opening up downtown. No huge increase of drug-related deaths or hospitalizations reported in the news. If the legalization of marijuana has proved that it never should have been made illegal in the first place, what can we say about other drugs? The general opinion of the public should not be enough to decide whether a doctor wants to use a certain drug to treat his patients or if a person wants to ruin their own life. The main deciding factor whether to leave these people alone or intervene in their lives and businesses is if the social media can rile up enough people with biased reports and untrue facts about something the general population is ignorant about.

US History Lecture #15


  • 3 consecutive VA republican presidents: jefferson, madison, and monroe
  • other primanant VA: Cheif justice marshall, justice blair, majority learder randolph, majority leader guiles
  • Jefferson’s first inaugural “we are all republicans, we are all federalists.” we can rely on the militia in the first instance. we must cut spending and taxes. “peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nation entangling alliances with none.
  • Lousiana purchase (1803)
  • Yazoo Scandal–Quid Schism
  • Embargo
  • War of 1812–conquer canada-foiled in east, americans take York (Toronto) -end impressment -army feeble: navy successful (on small scale)
  • British take DC–monroe on horseback, alone. Bladensburg races. burn capitol, white house, executive buildings, library of congress. Dolley Madison and the Stuart washington portrait
  • Treaty of Ghent, 1814 Battle of New Orleans–British defeat. Jackson America’s hero
  • Results: debt. jackson. “independence”
  • spelling independence correctly for once
  • 2nd bank of US
  • Jefferson, Madison, and the Court–Jefferson v. the Midnight Judges -repeal of the judiciary act of 1801 -marbury v. Madison (1803) – – correct – – but
  • Chase Impeachment–grounds. randolph out on a limb, makes mistakes (?) Senate aquittal, Jefferson denigrates impeachment mechanism
  • Burr’s treason Trial–hazy conspiracy. Gen. Wilkinson. Jefferson’s refusal to be subpoenaed. Marshall’s instructions to the jury. Aquittal.
  • Other landmarks–Fletcher v. Peck (1810) Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816) McColloch v. Maryland (1819) But Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
  • Bonus Bill Veto Message (1817)

US History Wk 4

Philadelphia Convention: Virginia’s Proposition (Pt. 2/2)

  • Congressional veto of state laws
  • voted down repeatedly
  • Madison kept bring it up
  • Madison thought new gov would fail in a few years since they didn’t adopt his possibilities
  • commerce and slavery were also issues:
  • federalists called for empowering central gov to tax people through tariff
  • import tax would be easiest tax to administer
  • people from New England were fond of the notion
  • George Mason of Virginia objected
  • Continue reading

Geography of Religion Wk 4

The Hindu Way of Life

According to the Vedas, life began as a great cosmic sacrifice. The sacrifice of the creator god Purusha created the world as we know it. His eye: the sun. His mind: the moon. And so forth. According to Holy Scripture, humans are born into one of four classes, each represented by some part of Purusha. The highest class (varna) is the Brahmans or priests and came from the creator god’s mouth. The next highest is the Kshatriyas, those men born to be warriors or nobility, and were created from his arms. The third class is the most populated and made up of farmers, merchants, and craftsmen and were crafted from his thighs. The last came from his feet; the Sudra, slaves and serfs. Women’s role in this group tended to assume the status of their husbands or fathers. Continue reading

CWP Wk 4

Can the Government Keep Us Safe?

The second amendment states that, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” This means that all US citizens have the right to own guns. This is one of the rights that we possess as humans, whether or not a government exists. Some people (those who vote to increase gun restrictions) are under the impression that the government will be able to keep us completely safe and it completely justified in removing our rights in order to do so.

Are they right? Continue reading

US History Wk 3

Philadelphia Convention: Virginia’s Proposition (Pt. 1/2)

The Philadelphia Convention was held May-Sept. 1787, where delegates from each state of the U.S. drafted our current federal constitution. The First thing the convention did was to elect George Washington as president of the convention. The second thing they did was to kick out the reporters and swear all of the people present to secrecy until the convention was adjourned. The third thing that happened was Governor Randolph presenting his proposal in front of the entire convention. Prior to the Convention’s start, the experienced James Madison had gathered together some like-minded delegates so they could form a proposition that would be presented to the Convention at the start of the meeting, therefore forcing the delegates to spend most of their time discussing the said proposal. The Articles of Confederation were based on a federal government model (one government to serve the parts) as opposed to a national model (many parts to serve the whole). The plan that Gov. Randolph presented was to form a new constitution that would be amendable without congresses permission. The central government would be allowed to admit new states without asking for old states permission. The Government could tax itself without asking for the state’s permission first. There would also be a national legislative branch, a national judicial branch, and an executive branch. The new constitution would hand a lot of power to the new central government and was objected to immediately by many less-populated states because they would posses much less power than more populated states. Tune in next week to see what the Philadelphia Convention decides.

CWP Wk 3

Are Markets Sexist?

First, we’re gonna talk about the gender-wage-gap, probably the most common example of sexism. All you have to do is look at how this “evidence” was collected to see that this is not in fact true. The numbers were calculated using median wages of men and women as a whole, with no categories for different professions. Of course we must also factor in that different careers and life choices appeal to men vs. women, so naturally one gender is bound to earn a higher wage than the other. Continue reading

Geography of Religion Wk 3

Hinduism’s Holy Books

The Vedas–Ancient Holy books of the Hindus–reveal eternal truths and wisdom, and are believed to have existed eternally. (They date back to 1200 B.C.) Altogether there are 4 Vedas. 2 are collections of laudatory hymns ( Rig Veda and Sama Veda) while one is a manual for performing rituals (Yajur Veda) and one is filled with prayers and charms for health and fortune (Atharva Veda.) Several deities are recognized, such as Varuna, Indra, Rudra, Vishnu, and Agni. The gods and goddesses of the Vedic universe are associated with specific aspects of the natural world, such as the rivers of India, which are all represented by a different goddess. Offerings to these gods and goddesses of things such as plants and sacrificed animals, are burned by Vedic priests according to precise instructions in the Yajur Veda in return for “peacetime harvests and wartime victories.” Continue reading

Geography of Religion Wk 1&2


Humans have always known there was a force greater than them in the universe since the beginning of time. We respond to this knowledge by worship, attempts to gain understanding, or the realization that we cannot in fact truly understand. Dreams have always brought us closer to our beliefs and inspire us to ask some of the oldest questions: Who am I? Why am I here? Every culture has a different answer. There are other unanswerable questions as well. Humans have always seen the power of the ocean or a storm or the birth of a human and wondered “if something was powerful enough to create all of this, is there some way for me to also control this much power?” The idea of a higher being has also been used to enforce laws and ways of living together in harmony since the very beginning of civilization. Punishment or rewards after death for living a certain lifestyle are a powerful motivator in all cultures to obey the rules and stay in line. Evidence shows that even people as ancient as the Neanderthals may have placed special items in the graves of their loved ones to accompany them to the afterlife. While there will never be a way to prove or disprove the existence of any God(s) there is no denying that ancient civilizations have depended on their beliefs to grow and prosper, and without the confidence that there is someone higher up than us, we would not be where we are in the world today.


Continue reading